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Where is the ‘state’ in Iraq and Lebanon?

  • Lina Khatib

    Director, Middle East and North Africa Programme, Chatham House

    مديرة برنامج الشرق الأوسط و شمال افريقيا

  • Renad Mansour

    Senior Research Fellow, Chatham House

    زميل أبحاث أول، تشاتام هاوس

This paper explores the nature of social power in Iraq and Lebanon, and its implications for understanding the role of the state in both countries. The paper argues that the very concept of the ‘state’, as often understood by Western policymakers, implies a binary division between official and unofficial structures – between state and non-state – that does not reflect more fluid on-the-ground realities.

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