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Syria’s Transactional State

  • Lina Khatib

    Director, Middle East and North Africa Programme, Chatham House

    مديرة برنامج الشرق الأوسط و شمال افريقيا

  • Lina Sinjab

    Syrian Writer

    كاتبة سورية

How the Conflict Changed the Syrian State’s Exercise of Power

The Syrian regime has become increasingly reliant on profiteers and external actors – specifically, Russia and Iran – pursuing their own interests.

Click here to download this research paper in Arabic.